CONTENTS №7-2018

3 Naimanov A.H., Mukovnin A.A., Celueva N.I. Monitoring of bovine tuberculosis of cattle status in the current conditions

The results of monitoring with allergic tuberculosis tests, in herds (farms) of healthy animals, where before were detected 73,6 % of animals with nonspecific reactions to tuberculin, skin fold 3 – 4 mm. There are the same criterions for interpretation reactions skin tests to tuberculin for infected and non-infected herds of cattle in Russian Federation. The authors of the article propose to make changes in the criterions for assessing the skin test for tuberculin for cattle herds free from bovine tuberculosis. Key words: cattle, eradication of infection, intradermal test, mycobacteria, tuberculosis, tuberculin.

DOI:10.30896/0042-4846.2018.21.7.03-07

EXPERIMENT, PROBLEMS, PERSPECTIVES

8 Kashkovskaya L.M., Pankov I.Yu., Safarova M.I. Complex disinfection at poultry factory – bargain of veterinary welfare

It was established in the conditions of the poultry farm that complex treatment with Fulgard and Dezoklin provides a high quality of disinfection. The total number of bacteria in the air after disinfection decreased 2,6 times compared with the initial level. In addition, it was proved that Dezoklin efficiently sanitize the water supply system. Key words: veterinary well-being, disinfection, Dezoklin, poultry farm, Fugard.

11 Cavirani С. Vaccination planning to get the herd immunity in a cattle operation

Herd immunity, obtained through a correct immunization practice, is a pillar of control-eradication of many infectious diseases of humans and animals. Despite this evidence, it’s sad to realize that nowadays the vaccination practice is under a strong attack. Key words: vaccination strategy, herd immunity, antibody titre, respiratory disease.

14 Nikitkina E.V., Plemyashov K.V., Krutikova A.A., Temofeeva S.V., Shiryaev G.V., Musidray A.A., Goncharov V.V., Sergeeva O.K. Assessment of the sperm quality in reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) by CASA

High quality of sperm is one of the main reasons for the good fertility in females. Objective methods of sperm evaluation are needed. Computer-assisted semen analysis (CASA) allows automatic analysis of motility (total and progressive), concentration and morphology of spermatozoa. As a result a high variability of total and progressive motility in reindeer sperm was obtained - from 50 to 91 % (on average 73,3±2,86 %) and from 33 to 79 % (63,2±3 on the average, 44 %), respectively, and in the concentration of spermatozoa – from 0,25 to 1.2 billion / ml, an average of 0,61±0,12 billion / ml. The number of cells with intact membranes ranged from 65 to 85 %, (on average 79,6±2,33 %). A sharp drop in the total and progressive motility after freezing (on average by 60%, and in some cases to complete loss of motility) was observed. Also, a decrease in the number of cells with intact membranes was found to be 30 % on average. Computer analysis of sperm allows to objectively assess the quality of sperm in reindeer. Key words: spermatozoa, total motility, progressive motility, CASA, membranes, reindeer, ejaculate.

17 Sklyar A.V. Biosafety and modern drinking systems for various types of poultry

Big Dutchman offer automatic drinking systems for various types of poultry with a high level of Biosafety. Key words: Biosafety, Big Dutchman, drinking systems, automatic washout, drinkers, water treatment unit.

INFECTION DISEASE

21 Ezdakovа I.Yu., Polyakov V.F. The level of immunoglobulins in the blood serum of various groups of cattle

Evaluation of the immune status, including the determination of the concentration of immunoglobulins in body fluids, is necessary for the timely correction of the state of the immune system in animals. The purpose of this work was to determine the quantitative content of immunoglobulins of classes M, G and A in the blood serum of calves, cows and bulls-producers of different breeds. Differences in the level of immunoglobulins in animals at different periods of ontogenesis are shown. The received data can have practical value at the organization of the actions directed on perfection of preventive maintenance of infectious diseases calves, cows, bulls. Key words: immunoglobulins, calves, cows, bulls, breeds.

DOI:10.30896/0042-4846.2018.21.7.21-24

24 Afonyushkin V.N., Shirshova A.N., Shamovskaya D.V., Plomodyalov D.N., Kozlova Yu.N. A study of the antiviral effect of drug Triviron on IBV

The spread of infectious chicken (ICB) in the Russian Federation has increased over the last 3 years despite widespread of specific prophylaxis. It is difficult to use antiviral drugs for treatment this disease in industrial poultry. The authors studied the effectiveness of suppressing reproduction of the IBK virus in bronchi and trachea of 2-week broiler chickens with Triviron based on synthetic ribonuclease. The broilers was treated with an aerosol of 1% solution this drug 3 times with an interval of 1 day with different exposure in a dose of 3ml/m3. A statistically significant decrease in the concentration of the agent after such treatment of the chicks was established within 40 min. Also the dynamics of accumulation aerosol particles of marker DNA molecules in the trachea and bronchi were studied. The yield of the growth curve of the concentration of DNA marker on the plateau in the trachea began after 20 min exposure of the aerosol with a droplet diameter of ~ 10 μm. After a 40 min exposure the concentration of marker DNA in the bronchi increased. The coincidence of the dynamics of accumulation of aerosol particles in the bronchi and trachea with data on the reduction in the concentration of the IBC virus at different exposure confirms the consistency of the developed model for evaluating the effect of Trivirone on the IBC virus in the body of broiler chickens. Key words: aerosol, broilers, virus, chicken infectious bronchitis, antiviral drugs, synthetic ribonucleases.

29 Mukhamedzhanova A.G., Chernov A.N., Efimova M.A. Review modern methods for laboratory diagnostics of rabies

The article presents an overview modern diagnostic methods of rabies based on identifying pathogen. Rapid and reliable diagnosis allows the correct conduct the control measures, which is especially important in conditions of worsening epizootic situation by this zooanthroponosis in the Russian Federation. Key words: antigen, antibodies, rabies, viruses, laboratory diagnostic, antigen indication.

DOI:10.30896/0042-4846.2018.21.7.29-32

INVASIVE DISEASE

33 Samoyloskaya N.A. Application of salt briquets with ivermectin against nematodoses of wild animals

At present, there are no pharmaceutical forms of antiparasitic drugs suitable for free feeding to wild animals. Ivermectin was used to develop Ivorsol salt briquettes given in mind its high anthelminthic activity, excellent mixing with salt and absence of odor. The efficacy and safety of drug for wild ungulates have been noted. Residual amounts of ivermectin were reduced in the organs below the detectable level of HBVC 3 weeks after stopped accessing the deers to Ivirsolt briquettes. It’s not allowed to use animal slaughter products for human consumption during this period. Key words: anthelmintics, boar, deer, elk, embryotoxicity, helminthes, ivermectin, rat, teratogenicity, toxicology, wild animals.

36 Safronov A.M., Lucuk S.N. Influence of ration on clinical and hematological parameters in hens with mallophagosis

The article describes the clinical signs (anxiety, loss of the feathers, scratches and abrasions of back, cloaca and abdomen, anemia of the conjunctiva) and hematologic changes (erythrocytopenia, hypohemoglobinaemia, low color index) detected in patients with mallophagosis of poultry in individual farms of the North Caucasus region. The effect of the diet on the severity of the course of the invasion was noted. Key words: clinical signs, hematologic changes, hen, mallophagosis, ration.

OBSTTETRICS, GYNECOLOGY

39 Nezhdanov A.G., Mitina A.O., Sinyeva А.M., Dyulger G.P., Sedletskaya E.S., Lobodin K.A., Lukina V.A. Postpartum hypofunction of the ovaries in dairy cows and hormonal methods of their therapy

The frequency of ovarian hypofunction in cows at highly productive dairy stages is shown, clinical and morphological characteristics of gonads in this pathology are given, the results of the studies on evaluation and improvement of hormonal methods of ovulatory function and fertility restoration in animals are presented. It is recommended to use rational methods of gonadotropins in monotherapy and in combination with sex steroids and biologically active drug Sat-Som. Key words: cows, ovarian hypofunction, therapy, gonadotropins, sex steroids, Sat-Som preparation.

 10.30896/0042-4846.2018.21.7.39-45

46 Leibova V.B. The biochemical profile of the blood of cows in the dry period in connection with the interval from the ovulation to the first insemination and the milk productivity in the subsequent lactation

The analysis of the biochemical profile of cows of the second half of the dry period is carried out. An increase in serum glucose concentration by 5,1%, cholesterol by 49,8 % is associated with a trend towards a subsequent decrease in the interval from the ovule to the first insemination and an increase of 20,8 % in milk production in 100 days of lactation. The results obtained can be used to predict the reproductive capacity and milk productivity of cows in subsequent lactation. Key words: cows, dry period, glucose, cholesterol, reproduction, milk production.

NONINFETIOUS DISEASES

49 Salomatin V.V., Varakin A.T., Salomatinа М.V., Kornilova V.А., Мedvedev А.U. The influence of a complex mineral additive on protein and nitrogen metabolism in calves

Inclusion the natural bishofit from Volgograd region in the diet of calves promoted a more intensive metabolism of proteins and nitrogen. This was manifested by an increase in the content of total protein in the blood, albumins, total and protein nitrogen. The animals also had higher protein and nitrogen indices, increased activity of aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase. Key words: albumin, bischofite, diet, globulins, metabolism, nitrogen, protein, serum, calves, magnesium chloride.

53 Bazaron B.Z., Shkurastova G.M., Dashinimaev S.M. The biochemical indicators of blood of horses of the zabaikal breed

The results of studying the variations of biochemical haematological parameters of Zabaikal breed horses are presented depending on the age, gender and season of the year. Key words: blood, calcium, foals, glucose, haematological analysis, mares, phosphorus, stallions, total protein.

57 Pozyabin S.V., Almenshavy E.G., Kachalin M.D. Incidence and clinico-morphological characteristics of the anterior cruciate ligament rupture in dogs

There are present the results of researches conducted from 2014 to 2018 on 69 dogs with rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament. Morphological changes, age-specific impurities and combination cruciate ligament with other pathologies of the knee joint were studied. Key words: arthrosis, cruciate ligament, dislocation of the patella, dog, lameness, ligament rupture, meniscus injury, osteoarthritis, osteomyelitis.

DOI: 10.30896/0042-4846.2018.21.7.57-59

PHARMACOLOGY AND TOXICOLOGY

60 Okolelova T.M., Yengashev S.V., Dorogova O.A., Struck A.H. History of creation, reality and perspectives of application the drug ASD-2F

The article presents data on the chemical composition, mechanisms of the positive effect on the animal's organism and the scheme of use drug ASD-2F in poultry farms with therapeutic and prophylactic purposes. Many years of experience with poultry treatment in CJS SP “Svetly” of the Agrofirm “Vostok” have shown that it can significantly extend the life of a breeding bird without the use of antibiotics during the productive period. Key words: ASD, poultry, prevention, treatment.

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CONTENTS №7-2018